Generally, normal blood pressure of a person falls in the range of 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg. Low blood pressure is a condition in which the blood pressure of a person is lower than the normal BP levels. When the blood pressure is low, there is insufficient flow of blood in the body.
Low blood flow means low deliverance of oxygen and nutrients to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidney. In such a case, the first organ to malfunction is the brain. And when the blood pressure falls too low, all the organs of the body start malfunctioning and may get damaged permanently.

It is possible that some individuals may have a blood pressure of 90/50 mmHg and still not show any symptoms of low blood pressure. On the other hand, it is also possible that a person, who has a normal blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg will show symptoms of low blood pressure if his blood pressure falls down to 100/60 mmHg, which in itself is not exactly low blood pressure problem.
In the first case, the person did not show any symptoms of low blood pressure as the blood pressure recorded was his normal and constant blood pressure level. But in the second case, the person showed symptoms of low blood pressure because his body was used to a blood pressure level of 130/80 mmHg. And when his blood pressure fell down to 100/60 mmHg, it was considered as low blood pressure by his body.

Symptoms of low blood pressure:

Some general sign and symptoms of the low blood pressure can be listed as follows:

a) Dizziness
b) Palpitations
c) Confusion
d) Nausea
e) Tiredness
f) General weakness
g) Light-headedness and fainting
h) Blurred vision
i) Temporary loss of consciousness

Causes of low blood pressure:

Low blood pressure is the result of malfunctioning of the compensatory mechanism. There are several disorders and drugs that can throw the compensatory mechanism out of order. Some of the disorders include heart disease, a heart-valve disorder, tachycardia, bradycardia, kidney disorders and neurological disorders.

Some other causes of low blood pressure include:
1) Advanced diabetes
2) Alcohol
3) Medication used for surgery
4) Anti-anxiety agents
5) Dehydration
6) Changes in heart rhythm
7) Treatment for high blood pressure
8) Diuretics
9) Medication used for heart disorders
10) Anaphylaxis
11) Some antidepressants

Diagnosis of low blood pressure:

Blood pressure is measured by measuring both the systolic and the diastolic blood pressure levels. This can be measured manually with the help of an inflatable cuff or digitally with the automatic blood pressure recording machine. If the recorded blood pressure is lower than the normal range of blood pressure, then it is termed as low blood pressure.

Treatment for low blood pressure: Low blood pressure in itself is not treated. What is treated is the underlying reason that causes low blood pressure.

Home Remedy For Low Blood Pressure

• The best and the most effective home remedy for treating low blood pressure would be to consume lots of water. This is because dehydration reduces blood volume and leads to a drop in the blood pressure.
• Beetroot juice is beneficial for those suffering from low blood pressure. So, have a cup of raw beetroot juice two times a day.
• Prepare a cup of strong black coffee and consume this whenever you feel that your blood pressure is dipping.
• Put 15-20 gm of Indian Spikenard in 250 ml water and boil it. Now, remove from heat and let it cool down. Have this infusion thrice a day. You can also have 30-40 grains of Indian Spikenard, along with some camphor and cinnamon.
• Fill your bathtub with lukewarm water and add one kg of Epsom salt to it. Immerse yourself in the bath for 20 minutes, before going to bed. Take caution not to expose the body to a cold area after this.
• In a bowl of water, soak 7 almonds and keep them overnight. Peel them and prepare a paste. Add this paste to lukewarm milk and drink it.
• Take a bowl of water and soak 30 raisins in it, overnight. Chew them one by one, on an empty stomach, in the morning and have water.
• Holy basil works effectively in curing low blood pressure. Take about 15 holy basil leaves and crush them. Filter the mixture with the help of a muslin cloth. Have this filtered mixture, along with a tsp of honey, on an empty stomach.
• Include salt, asafetida and fruits in your diet. All these are beneficial in restoring the blood pressure level.
• Foods rich in proteins, vitamin C and vitamin B are effective in treating low blood pressure.
• Exercises, light walking, swimming and cycling are beneficial in regulating the blood pressure level.

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